Scenario analysis of large scale algae production in tubular photobioreactors
► Simulation model for horizontal and vertical stacked tubular reactors was developed. ► Best tubular photobioreactor design is location specific. ► Vertical PBRs have an optimum height due to the canyon effect for diffuse light. ► Measures to improve tube material properties have a marginal effect on productivity. ► Areal productivity is highest in flat panels, and lower in sequence for vertical to horizontal tubes and ponds.
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